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A. Think about the following questions for class discussion.




· Why is the academic style viewed as a scientific style?

· What are the varieties of the language and the forms of communication relevant to the manifestation of the academic style?

· Outline the most important style-marking (segmental and prosodic) features of the academic lecture read aloud in public.

· In what way is the accentuation of semantic centres achieved, for example, in the sphere of discourse related to scientific talks and explanations at seminars?

· What are the markers of informality of conversational English?

· What types of stylistic modifications of sounds are characteristic of informal speech as opposed to formal speech?

· Are there also lexical and grammatical style-forming means typical of conversational style?

B. Find an informal conversational in a novel.

How does the novelist reflect the characteristic features of conversational? Are there graphic means to represent some of the prosodic features?

B. Examine the markers of informality of the following familiar conversation.

Which of the segmental and prosodic features have the most important stylistic function?

Jane: Well… maybe, but… take responsibility; the … the … you don’t need

as great a sense of responsibility for you… your kind of work as you do

in teaching – all those children, all those parents …

Brenda: No, but you do have your … your … your colleagues at work – you have a certain amount of responsibility to them.

(Sokolova et al. English Phonetics:

A Theoretical Course, 2004, p. 235)

B. How will the following phrases sound in informal speech?

· It wasn’t you turn.

· Did you get it?

· Not so light as it looks.

· He hasn’t come.

· Up and down.

B. Find some examples of assimilation, elision and reduction common to informal speech.

 

Семинар 7.

Publicistic Style and Declamatory Style

As Emotional and Expressive Phonostyles

1. Publicistic or oratorical style, its intonation contours.

2. The invariant of phonostylistic characteristics of publicistic speeches.

3. Declamatory style and its varieties.

4. The prosodic organization of prose reading and verse recitations.

Основная литература

Соколова, М.А. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: Учеб. для студентов высш. учеб. заведений. 3-е изд., стереотип. / М.А. Соколова, К.П. Гинтовт, И.С. Тихонова и др. – М. Гуманитарный издательский центр ВЛАДОС, 2004. – С.221-232.

Дополнительная литература

Соколова, М.А. Практическая фонетика английского языка: Учеб. для студентов высш. учеб. заведений /М. А. Соколова, К.П. Гинтовт, Л.А. Кантер и др. – М.: Гуманитарный издательский центр ВЛАДОС, 2003. – С. 260-281.

 


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