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The Napoleonic Wars




1. In the 1790s, the wars of the French revolution merged into the Napoleonic Wars, as Napoleon Bonaparte took over the French revolutionary government. Pit’s First Coalition (with Prussia, Austria, and Russia) against the French collapsed in 1796, and in 1797 Britain was beset by naval defeat, by naval mutiny, and by French invasion attempts. The war caused a boom in farm production and in certain industries. At the same time it caused rapid inflation: wage rates lagged behind prices, and poor low expenses grew. In 1797 the Bank of England was forced to suspend the payment of gold for paper currency, and Parliament voted the first income tax.

2.Rebellion and French invasion threat led to the Act of Union with Ireland (1801). The Dublin Legislature was abolished, and 100 Irish representatives became members of the Parliament in London; only an Irish viceroy and a London-appointed administration remained in Dublin.

3. Despite the defeat of the French in the Nile in 1798, the war did not go well for Britain. The Second Coalition collapsed in 1801, and Britain made peace with Napoleon at Amines the following year. War broke out again the following year, but between 1805 and 1807 the Third Coalition also collapsed. Napoleon’s plans to invade Britain were foiled by the British naval victory under Horatio Nelson at Trafalgar. Napoleon then sought to drive Britain into bankruptcy with his Continental System. Difficulties in enforcing that system prompted Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812. This led to the Fourth Coalition (Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia) and to Napoleon’s downfall two years later. Britain’s contribution included an army led by the duke of Wellington fighting in Spain and, after Napoleon’s return from exile in Elba, the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. The War of 1812 with the United States was for Britain a sideshow that brought no territorial changes.

VII. Укажите номер абзаца, в котором есть ответы на следующие вопросы:

1. When did Parliament vote the first income tax?

a) 2 b) 1 c) 3

2. When did the Second Coalition collapse?

a) 1 b) 3 c) 2

3. What did the wars of the French revolution merge into ?

a) 3 b) 2 c) 1

4. What events led to the Act of Union with Ireland in 1801?

a) 2 b) 3 c) 1

5. What do you know about Coalitions against France?

a) 3 b) 1 c) 2

 

Test 2

Предлагаемый тест выполняется после завершения работы над контрольной работой №2 и изучения грамматического материала данной контрольной работы, а именно: 1) видовременные формы глагола в активном залоге: Indefinite (Simple), Continuous (Progressive), Perfect; 2) видовременные формы глагола в пассивном залоге: Indefinite (Simple); 3) модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты; 4) употребление слов much – many; few – a few; little – a little; 5) Participle I и Participle II, их употребление и функции в предложении; 6) вопросительные предложения.



В своей рабочей тетради напишите цифровой и буквенный варианты того ответа, который Вы считаете правильным, например, 1а, 2с.

 

I. Дополните следующие ниже предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов решения.

1) The greater part of Ireland ... the Irish Free State (Eire) in 1922.

a) becomes; b) has become; c) became; d) becomed.

2) By 1949 the Irish Free State ... a republic.

a) became; b) had become; c) becomes; d) has become.

3) I ... to London this summer.

a) was; b) am; c) have been; d) is.

4) The tourists ... at the station tomorrow.

a) will meet; b) will be met; c) meet; d) met.

5) They ... attentively to the lecturer now.

a) listen; b) listening; c) is listening; d) are listening.

6) Next summer we ... Scotland again.

a) shall visit; b) visit; c) visited; d) will visit.

7) No part of England ... more than one hundred miles from the coast.

a) lie; b) lies; c) lied; d) lieing.

8) The son and heir of the monarch ... the title «Prince of Wales».

a) give; b) gives; c) given; d) is given.

9) It ... all day tomorrow.

a) will be raining; b) shall be raining; c) shall rain; d) rain.

10) The Tower of London … more than 900 years ago.

a) build; b) built; c) was built; d) builded.

11) At six o’clock yesterday I … for my friend at the station.

a) was waiting; b) waited; c) wait; d) waiting.

12) By the time I come they … to Cardiff.

a) will go; b) will have gone; c) have gone; d) go.

13) Many streets of this city … with trees.

a) are lined; b) line; c) is lined; d) lined.

 


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