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III. Answer the questions.
1. Where does the vast territory of the Russian Federation lie?
2. How many seas is Russia washed by?
3. How many oceans is Russia washed by?
4. What countries does Russia border on?
5. How does the land of Russia vary?
6. What are the main mountain chains in Russia?
7. What is the longest river in the European part of the country?
8. What are the longest rivers in the Asian part of the country?
9. What is Baikal famous for?
10. What natural and mineral resources is Russia rich in?
11. What is a population of Russia?
12. What part of Russia is densely populated?
13. What is the capital of Russia?
14. What branches does the government consist of?
15. Who controls all branches of power?
16. What are the national symbols of Russia?
IV. Write your own story about the Russian Federation.
V. Be ready to speak on the Russian Federation.
I. Learn the topical vocabulary.
II. Read and translate the text.
Moscow is the capital of Russia, its administrative, economic, political and educational center. It is one of the Russia’s major cities with the population of about 10 million people. Its total area is about 900 square kilometers.
The city was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1147. Moscow became the capital in the 16th century under Ivan the Terrible. In the 18th century Peter the Great transferred the capital to St. Petersburg, but Moscow remained the heart of Russia and regained its capital status in 1918.
The present – day Moscow is the seat of the government of the Russian Federation. President of Russia lives and works here. Government offices are located here, too.
Мoscow is a large industrial city. Metallurgy, metal processing and engineering are the leading industries. Other large industrial sectors are textiles, clothing and footwear, chemical and petrochemical industries, electronic instruments and automation equipment.
Moscow is Russia`s leading cultural center. It is known for its many historical buildings, museums and art galleries, as well as for the famous Bolshoy, Maly and Art theatres. There are more than 80 museums in Moscow, among them the unique Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and the State Tretyakov Gallery and many others. Other places of interest in Moscow include the Central Lenin Stadium, comprising about 130 buildings for various sports and the tall Ostankino TV tower, which contains a revolving restaurant and an observation platform.
Moscow is a city of science and learning. There are over 80 higher educational institutions in the city, including a number of universities. It is the seat of the Academy of Sciences and Russia’s largest university. A great number of scientific research institutions, technical colleges and academies of music and art are situated here. The Russian State library is in Moscow too. Moscow is one of the world’s largest publishing centers. Moscow is Russia’s main tourist attraction.