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An arsonist - attacks and robs people, often in the street






2. a shop-lifter - sets fire to property illegally

3. a mugger - is anyone who breaks the law

4. an offender - breaks into houses or other buildings to steal

5. a vandal - steals from shops while acting as an ordinary customer

6. a burglar - uses violence for political reasons

7. a murderer - deliberately causes damage to property

8. a kidnapper - steals things from people in crowded places

9. a pickpocket - gets secret information from another country

10. an accomplice - buys and sells drugs illegally

11. a spy - helps a criminal in a criminal act

12. a terrorist - kills someone

13. an assassin - causes damage or disturbance in public places

14. a hooligan - hides on a ship or plane to get a free journey

15. a drug-dealer - takes control of a plane by force and makes the pilot change course

16. a stowaway - takes away people by force and demands money for their return

17. a thief - is a soldier who runs away from the army

18. a hijacker - is someone who steals

19. a forger - is a member of a criminal group

20. a robber - makes counterfeit (false) money or signatures

21. a smuggler - steals money, etc. By force from people or places

22. a traitor - marries illegally, being married already

23. a gangster - murders for political reasons or reward

24. a deserter - brings goods into a country illegally without paying tax

25. a bigamist - betrays his or her country to another state

 

Задание 5.Ответьте на следующие вопросы по тексту.

1. What is the difference between the court reporter and the clerk.

2. What are the bailiff’s duties?

3. What are the steps of a trial?

4. How is jury elected?

5. What does the jury do in the jury room?

 

Задание 6. Перепишите слова из текста и подчеркните в

каждом из них ударный слог.

Model: Personnel, persons, addition.

Important; reporter; witnesses; record; proceedings; below; documents; exhibits; bailiff; custody; statements; present; intend; evidence; therefore; entitled; photograph; disregarded.

 

Задание 7. Одно слово в каждой группе (строке) имеет отличающееся от других произношение ударного гласного звука. Выпишите эти слова.

Model: him swim life ticket. life

(так как: [him] [swim] [laif] [tikit])

1. can may have that

2. will win file guilty

3. party charge fare large

4. for four flour brought

5. both wrong most toast.

 

 

Задание 8. Определите, к какой части речи относятся слова из текста, переведите слова на русский язык, укажите словообразовательный суффикс или префикс.

Model: government – существительное, правительство, суффикс –



Ment.

 

Addition; important; reporter; convenience; related; selection; statement; picture; presentation; physical; disregard; objections; improper;

invalid; believable; opportunity.

Задание 9. Перепишите предложения, вставляя необходимые по значению слова из предлагаемого перечня.

attorney; to recover; barrister; civil action;

to inquire into; advocacy; solicitor

 

Model:If a person in Britain has a legal problem, he will go and see a

_____ . If a person in Britain has a legal problem, he will go

and see a solicitor.

1. In the US, he will go and see ______ .

2. A case of divorce is a ______ .

3. If you want to ______ your debts, your case will be heard in the County Court.

4. ______ is an expert in the interpretation of law. He is also an expert on ______ (the art of presenting cases in Court).

5. Coroners who have medical or legal training ______ violent or unnatural deaths.

Задание 10.Переведите предложенияна русский языки выпишите герундий.

Model: You should be ashamed of yourself for behaving so badly.

Тебе должно быть стыдно за свое плохое поведение.

Behaving.

1. He was fined for being drunk in charge of a car.

2. The investigator put off making a decision till he had more

information.

3. It's no use arguing with the police.

4. He was accused of having deserted his ship.

6. The safe showed no signs of having been touched.

 

Задание 11.Переведите предложения на русский язык, обра щая внимание на употребление причастия I (Present Participle) и причастия II (Past Participle). Выпишите причастия.



Model:When charged with murder, he was arrested. Когда его

обвинили в убийстве, он был арестован. Charged, При-

частие II.

1. Releasing the offender, the officer told him not to drive too fast.

2. Being suspected of an offence, he was detained.

3. Having been questioned, he was released on bail in the interests of the investigation.

4. Having grounds (основание) to suspect a person of an offence, the

police must arrest him.

5. The police must investigate any case, involving death or serious injury.

 

Задание 12.Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя конструкцию “Сложное дополнение” (Complex Object) и подчеркните данную конструкцию.

Model:Он хочет, чтобы я пришел в воскресенье.

He wants me to come on Sunday.

1. Она хотела, чтобы мы позвонили ей.

2. Следователь думал, что подозреваемый был дома.

3. Я видел, как он прятал что-то.

4. Мы слышали, как в саду пели птицы.

5. Она заставила мальчика принять лекарство (take the drug).

Задание 13.Перепишите предложения с конструкцией “сложное дополнение” (Complex Object) , вставляя необходимые по значению глаголы из предлагаемого перечня.

 
 


cry , cycle, happen, open, run, tell, crawl

 

Model:Did anybody see the accident ______ ?

Did anybody see the accident happen?

1. We listened to the old man _____ his story from beginning to end

2. Listen! Can you hear a baby ______ ?

3. I looked out of the window and saw Tom ______ on his byke along the road.

4. Why did you turn round suddenly? - I heard somebody ______ my name.

5. We watched the two man ______ across the garden, ______ a window and ______ through it into the house.

Задание 14.Прочтите ситуацию и напишите предложения со словами в скобках в прошедшем совершенном времени (Past Perfect).

Model: You went to your friend’s house but he wasn’t there.

(he / go / out)He had gone out.

1. You went back to your home town after many years. It wasn’t the same as before. (it / change / a lot)

2. I invited Jane to the party but she didn’t come. (she / arrange / to do something else)

3. You went to the cinema last night. You arrived at the cinema late.

(the film / already / begin)

4. I was glad to see Tim again after such a long time. (I / not / see / him for five years)

5. I offered Sue something to eat but she wasn’t hungry. (she / just / have breakfast)

 

Задание 15.Перепишите предложения, раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол-сказуемое в будущем совершенном времени (Future Perfect).

Model:By the time you meet him he (do) a lot of work.

By the time you meet him he will have done a lot of work.

1. They (take) their last exam by the first of July.

2. I hope you (go) to bed by eleven.

3. She (listen) to the poem many times before she understands all the words.

4. We hope the telegram (come) before they start for the South.

5. By 2100 computers (take over) many of the jobs that people do

today.

Задание 16.Преобразуйте предложения из настоящего в прошедшее время, соблюдая правила согласования времен и делая необходимые изменения.

Model: He thinks that she will be a good lawyer next year.

He thought that she would be a good lawyer the following year.

1. All of us know that she studied French at school.

2. She says that she will take her English exam in June next year.

3. We don't know where she lived five years ago.

4. He asks us if we know his address.

5. He always tells me that his father was a teacher last year.

 

Задание 17.Преобразуйте предложения с общими вопросами из прямой речи в косвенную, делая необходимые изменения.

Model: “Did you eat much yesterday?” the Captain asked.

The Captain asked if I had eaten much the day before.

1. The investigator asked me: "Do уоu speak French?"

1. Henry asked Joe "Did your team win or lose the game?"

2. The teacher asked the schoolboy: “Are you listening to what I am explaining?”

3. He asked her: “Will you go abroad when you recover from your illness?”

4. Father asked his son: “Have you done your homework?”

Задание 18.Преобразуйте предложения со специальными вопросами из прямой речи в косвенную, делая необходимые изменения.

Model: He asked her: “Which hotel are you staying in?”

He asked her which hotel she was staying in?”

1. Yesterday she asked me: “How long does it take you to get home if you go by bus.

2. The shop assistant asked the customer: “What colour dress do you prefer?”

3. The young man asked the girl: “What time are you going to have dinner tomorrow?”

4. “What’s the title of the book you are reading?” Mary asked Jane.

5. “Where did you live before you moved to your new flat?” the investigator asked the suspect.

Задание 19.Преобразуйте предложения, содержащие просьбу или приказание в прямой речи, в косвенную речь.

Model:1. The policeman told the offender: “Get out of the car.”

The policeman told the offender to get out of the car.

2. The teacher asked the schoolchildren: “Don’t open the windows, please.”

The teacher asked the schoolchildren not to open the windows.

1. The little boy asked his mother: “Don’t wake me up so early tomorrow.”

2. The manager asked his secretary: “Send this message at once, please.”

3. Mother asked the child-minder: “Don’t take the child for a walk, he doesn’t feel well yet.”

4. The shop assistant offered: “Try these pair of brown shoes, please.”

5. She told her step-daughter: “Go and buy some fruit and vegetables for lunch.”

Задание 20.Преобразуйте предложения из действительного в страдательный залог. Подчеркните сказуемое в страдательном залоге и переведите полученные предложения на русский язык.

Model: 1. Yuri Dolgoruki founded Moscow in 1147.

Moscow was founded by Yuri Dolgoruki in 1147. Москва была основана Ю. Долгоруким в 1147 году.

2. They will publish the weather forecast in the evening.

The weather forecast will be published in the evening.

Прогноз погоды будет опубликован вечером.

1. She will introduce her brother to me.

2. My brother has bought this house for 15 000 dollars.

3. I can’t give you a lift (подвезти). My car is being repaired at the moment.

4. The teacher explained this grammar rule at the last lesson.

5. They built this house in the 16th century.




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