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Crime in modern society




Civilized societies have created various systems of defending an individual from violence. Unfortunately, crime rate is increasing practically all over the world. So, the police of any country should protect the citizens, their homes and property.

Some crimes, however, are considered more serious than others. For example, in the United States, those, who commit the crime of treason, are usually punished by life imprisonment or death.

Scholars and lawyers have tried to find out the reasons for crime. Some of them say that sometimes a person’s greed, jealousy or frustration may lead to committing a crime.

Others believe that many crimes against a particular person are committed by the poor. These people can steal money pr goods, and they are capable of injuring or killing their victims.

But if such offenders are caught by the police, they still have the right to be defended by a lawyer in court. As a rule, the police and investigators do their best to provide the court with meaningful evidence.

However, there are cases which only seem to be simple. For instance, sometimes it is pretty hard to deal with a car theft, especially if the suspect is young. He usually says that he just wanted to use the car for fun, and then return it to its proper place.

In the United States, anyone accused of a crime has certain rights that are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. This document consists of the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. For example, everyone has the right to a fair trial or he can keep silent without testifying against himself. Besides, under American law, a person is considered innocent unless he is proved guilty in court.

New vocabulary:

violence – насилие

crime rate – рост преступности

commit a crime – совершать преступление

crime of treason– измена

life imprisonment – пожизненное заключение

steal money or goods – воровать деньги или товары (вещи)

offender – правонарушитель, преступник

evidence – доказательство

car theft – угон автомобиля

suspect – подозреваемый

be accused of a crime - быть обвиненным в совершении преступления

fair trial – справедливый суд

Упражнения:

1.Раскройте скобки в Future Continuous Tense:

1. At ten o’clock tomorrow he (to have) an examination.

2. If you ring him up at midnight, he won’t answer. He (to sleep).

3. Don’t call my friend tonight between seven and eleven. He (to write)a composition.

4. I ( to work)tonight.

5. I ( to visit)him tomorrow.

6. We (to wait) for you when you get back home tomorrow.

7. Don`t ring me up At 5 o`clock. I (to work) in the laboratory.



8. The sky is dark. It (to rain) by the time we are ready to leave.

9. At this time tomorrow we (to drive) to Kostanay.

10. My sister (to wait) for your telephone call at seven o`clock.

 

2. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя Future Continuous Tense:

1. Не звони ей в 12 часов она будет готовиться к экзамену.

2. Завтра в это время они будут играть в футбол.

3. Когда мы приедем в Ригу, они будут встречать нас на вокзале.

4. В это время на следующей неделе мы будем путешествовать.

5. Она будет заниматься английским с 9 до 11? – Да.

6. Мы приедем в 5 часов. – Хорошо, я буду вас ждать.

7. Что будут делать дети, когда мы приедем домой? – Они будут обедать.

8. Он приедет к нам на этой неделе.

9. Я думаю, мы встретимся со своими друзьями через несколько дней.

10. Вы увидите их во время отпуска? – Надеюсь, увижу.

 

3. Поставьте глаголы, стоящие в скобках, в зависимости от смысла в Future Indefinite или Future Continuous:

1. I (to wait) for you at five o`clock tomorrow.

2. She (to return) from the library at six o`clock.

3. I (not to work) at eight o`clock.

4. At what time you (to be) here?

5. What you (to do) at eight o`clock? I (to work) on my report.

6. I (to speak) to him about it when I met him.

7. When you come home, I (to do) my lessons.

8. We (to arrive) to Almaty in the morning.

9. When you return, I (to pack) my suitcase.

10. We (to wait) you right here when you return at 6 p.m.

 



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