I. Past Indefinite (Simple) Active.


! ed :

[d] ;

[t] ;

[id] [t, d].


[d] [t] [id]
used described compared called answered happened placed produced developed danced asked cooked operated wanted ended heated depended started  

II. Past Simple Past Participle . , ed :


[d] live, open, call, design, examine, change, happen, cover, compare, love, share, answer, wonder, follow;


[t] dance, hope, develop, stretch, place, ask, watch, work, help, hope;


[id] end, visit, rest, start, last, want, point, represent.


III. Past Simple. :

try, occupy, play, study, dry, vary, obey, say.


IV. ed [d], [t], [id]:

dropped, represented, occupied, turned, improved, estimated, developed, returned, collected, devoted, varied, stretched, differed, agreed, impressed, stayed, answered, asked, lacked, wondered, watched, acted, passed, resulted, solved.



V. (Infinitive, Past Simple Participle II) :

be, have, do, go, begin, come, eat, drink, know, read, write, sit, stand, understand, give, take, teach, put, cut, think, lie, lay, buy, bring, make, catch, fly, drive, draw, break, get, forget, hear, see, find, build, learn, meet, pay, say, speak, tell, show, spend, choose, grow, hold, keep, feel, fall, can, may, must, run, forgive, become, sell, sing, swim, cost, leave.


VI. , , :

1. I went to the library (as a rule, next week, yesterday).

2. This scientist published his new book (2 months ago, next year).

3. We were at the plant (next Friday, last week).

4. I had little free time (sometimes, last Sunday).

5. My friend and I visited the exhibition (the day before yesterday, next week).


VII. Past Simple (Past Indefinite). .

1. He teaches us English. 2. It begins to rain. 3. I lie in my bed. 4. He sits at his desk and writes letters. 5. The dog eats its dinner. 6. We catch fish in the river. 7. Richard knows George. 8. Mary comes to the University early. 9. They like our house. 10. The plane flies very high.


VIII. . .

1. I made a mistake in my exercise. 2. The two boys fought in the street. 3. My roses grew very well last year. 4. She told me the secret a week ago. 5. The group understood the lesson. 6. The girls went to the party on Saturday. 7. The sun shone brightly yesterday morning. 8. I got out of bed at six oclock.


IX. Past Indefinite Tense.

1. He (to lose) his balance and (to fall). 2. Anns grandfather (to build) his house in 1901. 3. Clearing out the form I (to find) these old letters.4. I suddenly (to see) a face in the window. 5. The police (to open) fire and (to wound) two criminals. 6. We (to meet) last summer. 7. We (to go) for a walk every day before lunch. 8. It (to happen) a long time ago.


X. , Past Indefinite Tense. :

John Ruggles (to like) anything which (to move) quickly on wheels. He (to know) the make of almost every car on the roads and most of his free time he (to spend) hanging around garages and filling stations. We also (to go) to the large Car Park where drivers sometimes (to give) interesting information on the different cars in the park.

The Car Park (to be) a very interesting place and when the day of adventure (to come), John (to have) no difficulty to decide where to begin. It (to be) early when he (to arrive). There (to be) no tourists about, no cars at all except one in which (to sit) a large dog which (to show) such fine teeth as John (to come) near that he (to retreat) quickly to a seat under the Castle walls. From time to time he (to look) at the sky. He (to hope) it wasnt going to rain. The clock of the church (to strike) ten and a few cars (to begin) to arrive. Soon a large car (to come in). John (to put) both his hands into his pockets and (to stand) looking at the car at a distance. A tall young man followed by a lady (to get out). John (to hear) the young man calling him. He (to run) up to the man and the man (to give) him a coin and (to ask) him to look after the car.


XI. :



On Tuesday I get up at half past six. I go to the bathroom and wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the kitchen and cook breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son gets up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I dont drink tea. I drink coffee. After breakfast my son leaves home for school. I dont leave home with my son. On Tuesday I dont work in the morning. I work in the afternoon. In the evening I am at home. My husband and my son are at home, too. We rest in the evening. My son watches TV, my husband reads newspapers and I do some work about the house. At about eleven oclock we go to bed.


b) Boris wakes up when it is already quite light. He looks at his watch. It is a quarter to seven. Quick! Boris jumps out of bed and runs to the bathroom. He has just time to take a cold shower and drink a glass of tea with bread and butter. He is in a hurry to catch the eight oclock train.

At the railway station he meets three other boys from his group. They all have small backpacks and fishing-rods.

In less than an hour they get off the train at a small station near a wood. They walk very quickly and soon find themselves on the shore of a large lake. The boys spend the whole day there fishing, boating and swimming.

They return home late at night, tired but happy.


XII. .

1. When did you get up yesterday?

2. Did you cook your breakfast yourself?

3. How long did it take you to have breakfast?

4. Did you leave home at half past 7?

5. When did you come to the University?

6. How long did it take you to get to the University?

7. Yesterday you had one lecture and 2 practical classes, didnt you?

8. When did you leave the University yesterday?

9. Did you go home straight?

10.How long did it take you to get home?

11.What did you do when you came home?

12.Did you watch TV last night?


XIII. , , , . .

At the English lessons:

to read the texts, to ask and answer questions, to write dictations, to learn new English words, to translate from Russian into English, to listen to the tape, to repeat after the speaker, to imitate, to listen to the teacher, to write tests.

At the Lecture:

to listen to the lecturer, to take notes, to write down, to put down, to ask questions.

At the seminar:

to make a report, to ask questions, to take part in the discussion, to clear up, to ask the teacher, to explain something, to write tests.


XIV. . .

1. They (shall, will) be good specialists in 4 years. 2. My friend (shall, will) graduate from the university soon. 3. The students (shall, will) take field training at the machine-building plant. 4. Engineering students (shall, will) study modern scientific and technological achievements, research methods and field training. 5. The advanced students (shall, will) take part in students scientific conferences. 6. Automation (shall, will) save millions of rubles.


XV. Future Indefinite Active, .

1. They gained their knowledge of the language through practice. 2. The scientist achieved good results in his work. 3. This professor lectures on the strength of materials. 4. My brother enjoys driving a car. 5. Teenagers went out a lot.


XVI. . .

1. He will continue his work. 2. She will graduate from the institute next year. 3. I shall take part in the discussion. 4. Tomorrow we shall go to the library. 5. They will take their exams in 2 days.


XVII. , Future Indefinite (Active).

1. He (to go) to the theatre tomorrow. 2. You (to help) your mother tomorrow? 3. They (not to take) care of the garden next summer. 4. Your brother (to go) to the exhibition next Sunday. 5. We (not to go) to the Zoo tomorrow. 6. What he (to read) tomorrow? 7.You (to give) me this book tomorrow?


XVIII. . ! , if, when, provided, while, till, before, after, as soon as Future Indefinite Present Indefinite Tense.

1. I shall see the dean when I come to the University. 2. My friend will go to the exhibition if he is free. 3. You will know the English language well provided you listen to taped lessons. 4. If anything happens you will know about it. 5. We shall have lunch when we get hungry. 6. He will finish the work before we return. 7. If he wins the competition it will be wonderful. 8. He will work at a foreign company after he graduates. 9. She will sing till she is exhausted. 10. You wont achieve much unless you work hard.


XIX. :

1. If you (to make) a mistake, they will find you. If they (to find) you they will catch you. If they (to catch) me, I shall confess. If you (to confess) they will put you into prison. If you (to be) lucky, they wont catch you.

2. If you (to go) to Rome, youll see the Coliseum. If you (to visit) London, probably youll see the Queen. If you (to stay) with me you wont see anything, but Ill be happy.

3. When he (to propose) to her, shell marry him. But she wont be happy when she (to marry) him.

4. I shall visit you as soon as I (to feel) better.

5. We shall stay here as long as our money (to last).

6. They wont send us a telegram unless there (to be) something urgent.

7. Youll phone me before you (to go) away, wont you?

8. Ill come to London after they (to find) some place for us to stay at.

9. Well work till it (to get) absolutely dark.

10. Students wont get financial rewards unless they (to get) high grades.

11. What will you do when summer (to come)?

12. If he not (to come) well have a problem.



XX. if, when, before, after, while, till, until, as soon as, as long as, unless:

1. he gets the money now, he will spend it all at once. 2. Well startit stops raining. 3. it rains hard, well find shelter somewhere. 4. I am sure youll like the melodyyou hear it. 5. you drive so fast, Ill get out of your car. 6. Make sure you put the house in orderI come back. 7. Were going to be latewe take a taxi. 8. The children will go to bed onlythey have a glass of milk. 9. Make haythe sun shines. 10. Well speak about itthe lecture is over. 11. Dont look at meI speak,you do it, Ill feel nervous. 12. you offer him the job, Im sure hell take it. 13. You can interrupt meyou feel like it. 14. he tries to pull my leg, Ill understand it. 15. Well feel safeyou stay with us. 16. the dinner is cooked, well sit down and eat. 17. her mother knows the truth shell be angry. 18. Dont forget to lock the dooryou go to bed. 19. Theyll arrive on timesomething unexpected happens. 20. Ill never give up my job,I find a better one.


XXI. . .

1. Sues car isnt very big. She wants a bigger car.

2. This house isnt very modern. I prefer _______ houses.

3. Youre not very tall. Your brother is ________.

4. Bill doesnt work very hard. I work _________.

5. My chair isnt very comfortable. Yours is _________.

6. Jills idea wasnt very good. My idea was _________.

7. These flowers arent very nice. The blue ones are _________.

8. It isnt very warm today. It was ________ yesterday.

9. London isnt very beautiful. Paris is ________.

10. The wind isnt very strong today. It will be _______ tomorrow.


XXII. . than .



Liz Ben
1. Im 26 2. Im not a very good swimmer. 3. Im 1 meter 68 tall. 4. I start work at 8 oclock. 5. I dont work very hard. 6. I havent got much money. 7. Im a very good driver. 8. Im very clever. 9. I speak French very well. 10.I dont go to the cinema very often. 1. Im 24. 2. Im a very good swimmer. 3. Im 1 meter 66 tall. 4. I start work at 8.30. 5. I work very hard. 6. Ive got a lot of money. 7. Im not a very good driver. 8. Im not very clever. 9. I dont speak French very well. 10.I go to the cinema a lot.

: Liz is older than Ben.


XXIII. , .

1. Which is (large): the United States or Canada?

2. What is the name of the (big) port in the United States?

3. Moscow is the (large) city in Russia.

4. The London underground is the (old) in the world.

5. There is a (great) number of cars and buses in the streets of Moscow than in any other city of Russia.

6. St. Petersburg is one of the (beautiful) cities in the world.

7. The rivers in America are much (big) than those in England.

8. The island of Great Britain is (small) than Greenland.

9. What is the name of the (high) mountain in Asia?

10.The English Channel is (wide) than the Straits of Gibraltar.

11.Russia is a very (large) country.


XXIV. asas soas.!asas ;

not soas .

1. Mike istallPete. 2. Kate is notniceAnn. 3. My room islightthis one. 4. This book is notthinthat one. 5. Sergei isoldMichael. 6. She isyoungToms brother. 7. This woman isgoodthat one. 8. Nicks English is notgoodhis friends. 9. I am nottallPete. 10. This woman isyoungthat one. 11. I amthinyou. 12. Kate islazyher brother. 13. This child is notsmallthat one.


XXV. :

1. What is your height? You are taller than me. 2. She felt as strong as her brother. 3. We started earlier than you. 4. He was more careful than I. 5. This student is the most attentive in our group. 6. I need a warmer coat. 7. He is as tired as you. 8. He was one of the most experienced workers at the factory. 9. Better late than never. 10. She was not so attractive as her mother. 11. His work is not so difficult as mine. 12. He was the eldest in the family. 13. It is easier to swim in the sea than in the river. 14. This is the smallest room in our flat.


XXVI. asas, soas than:

1. Our house is notbigyours.

2. The new cinema in our district is much biggerthe old one.

3. We areproud of our districtyou are of yours.

4. The house I live in isoldthe one my sister lives in.

5. Exercise 2 is easierexercise 3.

6. Nevsky Prospect is more beautifulour street.

7. My composition is notlongyours.


XXVII. , :

1. This man is (tall) than that one. 2. Asia is (large) than Australia. 3. The Volga is (short) than the Mississippi. 4. Which building is the (high) in Moscow? 5. Mary is a (good) student than Lucy. 6. The Alps are (high) than the Urals. 7. This garden is the (beautiful) in our town. 8. She speaks Italian (good) than English. 9. Is the word newspaper (long) than the word book? 10. The Thames is (short) than the Volga. 11. The Arctic Ocean is (cold) than the Indian Ocean. 12. Chinese is (difficult) than English. 13. Spanish is (easy) than German. 14. She is not so (busy) as I am. 15. It is as (cold) today as it was yesterday. 16. She is not so (fond) of sports as my brother is. 17. Today the weather is (cold) than it was yesterday. 18. This book is (interesting) of all I have read this year. 19. January is the (cold) month of the year. 20. My sister speaks English (bad) than I do. 21. Which is the (hot) month of the year? 22. Which is the (beautiful) place in this part of the country? 23. This nice-looking girl is the (good) student in our group.



1. .



2. .



3. Ÿ .



4. .



5. .



6. .





XXIX. . .

1. This building is very old. Its _____ in the town.

2. It was a very happy day. It was _______ of my life.

3. Its a very good film. Its ________Ive ever seen.

4. Shes a very popular singer. Shes _______ in our country.

5. Its a very bad mistake. It was _______ Ive ever made.

6. Its a very cold day. It was _______ of the year.

7. Hes a very interesting person. Hes ______ Ive ever met.


XXX. :

Which profession (hobby, sports) do you think is:

1. the most dangerous? 2. the most difficult? 3. the easiest? 4. the most exciting? 5. the most boring? 6. the most expensive? 7. the cheapest? 8. the most interesting?


XXXI. , (), :


  Maths Reading Essays Cooking Swimming Running Chess Tennis




one eighteen one hundred
two twenty-four nine hundred and nine
three fifty-five two thousand
six seventy-one twenty-three




a) numbers: 6; 73; 38; 17; 13; 12; 0; 101; 152; 1,045; 6,671; 9,854; 87,432; 80,400; 329,645; 110,536; 13,614,200;


b) dates: June 1, 1905; May 9, 1945; July 2, 1800; March 30, 2000; 300 AD; 45 BC;


c) time: 3:10; 4:15; 5:45; 12:00; 1:30; 7:40; 2:05; 8:15; 4:00;


d) titles: Henry VII, Elizabeth II, James I, Charles V, Louis XII, Edward VII, Peter I, Catherine II;


e) telephone numbers: 213-66-01; 421-57-83; 221-00-74; 971-24-50; 426-11-44; 157-18-20; 322-35-04;


f) phrases: exercise 5, page 312, bus 102, room 203, text 6, tram 17, lecture room 9, chapter 12, line 13, box 481.



: 1147 the twelfth century;

56 BC, 844 AD, 1066, 1156, 1342, 1560, 1748, 1812, 1917, 2015.



1. 700 . 2. . 3. . 4. 2000 . 5. . 6. . 7. V II. 8. 246-00-17 . 9. 245 . 10. XIX .


XXXVI. . :

Here are some interesting facts about the worlds

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