Ex.1. Put the verbs in brackets into the gerund. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.

1. Stop (argue) and start (work).

2. The boss is against (make) any complaints.

3. I am thinking of (retire) and (go) to Ukraine.

4. If he puts his money into that business he risks (lose) everything.

5. If a thing is worth (do) at all it is worth (do) well.

6. He hates (borrow) money.

7. I cant stand their (waste) so much time.

8. I thanked him for (solve) the problem quickly.

9. I suggest (postpone) the meeting.

10. Its no good (complain). Nothing can be done.

11. I cant help (think) about the interview.

12. We avoid (keep) late hours. Our working day begins very early.

13. The secretary admitted (steal) the money.

14. I believe he is capable of (solve) this problem.


Ex.2. Finish these sentences using a gerund.

1. My favourite activity is .

2. He cant stand .

3. He is good at .

4. Some people just cant help .

5. We are used to .

6. I am interested in .

7. This company is worth .

8. The customer wants to know who was responsible for .

9. I feel like .

10. He admitted .

11. I am thinking of .

12. was the key to the companys success.

13. Its no use .

14. Avoid .


give, get, make, have, lose, help, work, discuss, get, worry, meet, analyse, cry, buy, reduce
Ex.3. Complete these sentences using the gerund form of one of the verbs below.


1. He is interested in the shares of this company.

2. Its no use over spilt milk.

3. This job involves our international transactions.

4. We are looking forward to the new Sales Manager.

5. It isnt worth about it.

6. You risk bad results.

7. As we dont agree about company policy we avoid this subject.

8. We dont mind overtime, if it helps the company.

9. You mustnt insist on him. He doesnt want it.

10. By delaying we risk this contract.

11. I cant imagine not a computer in my office.

12. He apologized for this serious mistake.

13. He is very pleased with the job he wanted.

14. Its no good her advice she never listens.

15. Overstaffing should be solved by the workforce.

Speech and Discussion


Ex.1. Discuss with your groupmates the advantages of trading worldwide.


Ex.2. Can you say that exporting facilitates the economic growth?


Ex.3. Speak about Ukraine's major exports and imports.


Ex.4. Familiarize yourself with the following idioms, consult your dictionary and translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Think of situations where you could use them.

1. We worked all night to finish the job and we delivered the goods at 9.00 a.m.

2. We spent many hours searching for a solution to the problem; it was a tough nut to crack.

3. If my stockbroker recommends a share, you can bet your bottom dollar that it will go down.

4. Are you going to lend me the money or not? Id like a straight answer.

5. The Prime Minister is convinced that there will soon be a sea change in the relations between East and West.


Ex.5. Comment on the following:

It is happier to be sometimes cheated than not to trust

(S. Johnson)




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