Студопедия

Главная страница Случайная страница

КАТЕГОРИИ:

АвтомобилиАстрономияБиологияГеографияДом и садДругие языкиДругоеИнформатикаИсторияКультураЛитератураЛогикаМатематикаМедицинаМеталлургияМеханикаОбразованиеОхрана трудаПедагогикаПолитикаПравоПсихологияРелигияРиторикаСоциологияСпортСтроительствоТехнологияТуризмФизикаФилософияФинансыХимияЧерчениеЭкологияЭкономикаЭлектроника






The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Great Britain (Pre-Intermediate)

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

 

6.1.1 Phonetic exercises

 

6.1.1.1 Read the words and remember their pronunciation

 

1) 1) Britain 2) 2) Europe 3) 3) The British Isles 4) Scotland 5) Wales 6) Northern Ireland 7) the North Sea 8) the English Channel   9) the Atlantic Ocean 10) The Irish Sea 11) the United King­dom 12) Ben Nevis 13) the Severn 14) the Clyde 15) Birmingham 16) Manchester 17) Liverpool 18) Cardiff 19) Sheffield 20) Newcastle 21) Belfast 22) Glasgow 23) London 24) Oxford 25) Cambridge 26) Edinburgh 27) Parliament 28) the House of Lords 29) the House of Commons 30) Conservative 31) Liberal 32) Labour Word list: 1 island 2 to consist of 3 to be situated 4 to separate 5 total 6 area 7 to influence 8 mountain 9 dense 10 steel 11 queen 12 to belong 13 to elect 14 to protect 15 to support 16 coast 17 mild [brit(∂)n] ['ju∂r∂p] ['briti ∫ ailz] ['skotl∂nd] [weilz] [nэ:ðn 'ai∂l∂nd] [пэ: θ si:] [iηgli∫ t∫æln]   [∂t'læntik ou∫n] [airi∫ si:] [ju:'naitid 'kiηd∂m]   [ben 'nevis] ['sev∂n] [klaid] ['b∂:miη∂m] ['mæ nt∫ist∂] ['liv∂pu:l] ['ka:dif] ['∫efild] ['nju:kasl] [b∂l'fa:st] ['gla:sgou] ['lΛnd∂n] ['эksf∂d] ['keimbrid3] ['edinb∂r∂] ['pα:lΛm∂nt] [haus ∂v lэ:dz] [haus ∂v'kэmenz]   [k∂n 's∂:v∂tiv] ['lib∂r∂l] ['leib∂]   ['ail∂nd] [k∂n'sist ∂v] ['sitju:eitid] ['sep∂reit] [toutl] ['ε∂ri∂] ['influ∂ns] ['mauntin] ['dens] ['sti:l] [kwi:n] [bi'lэη] [i'lekt] [pr∂'tekt] [s∂'pэ:t] [koust] [maild] Британия Европа Британские острова Шотландия Уэльс Северная Ирландия Северное море Английский канал (пролив Ла-Манш) Атлантический океан Ирландское море Соединенное Королевство   Бен Нэвис Северн Клайд Бирмингем Манчестер Ливерпуль Кардиф Шеффилд Ньюкасл Белфаст Глазго Лондон Оксфорд Кембридж Эдинбург Парламент Палата Лордов Палата Общин   Консервативный Либеральный Трудовой   остров состоять из быть расположенным разделять общий площадь влиять гора плотный сталь королева принадлежать выбирать защищать поддерживать побережье мягкий

 



6.1.1.2 Guess the meaning of the words:

 

Continent, ocean, climate, peak, industry, transport, textile, shipbuilding, well- known, agriculture, Parliament, lord, capital.

 

6.1.1.3 Give English equivalents to Russian words and word combinations

 

1 состоять из 2 располагаться 3 побережье 4 разделять 5 общая площадь 6 мягкий 7 влиять 8 море 9 замерзать 10 плотно населённый 11 университет 12 морской порт 1 coast 2 to freeze 3 to separate 4 to be situated 5 total 6 densely populated 7 sea 8 mild 9 to consist of 10 to influence 11 seaport 12 university

6.1.2 Text

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. They are washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel.

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, with a total area of 94,212 square miles.

The climate of the British Isles is rather mild, it’s not very hot in summer and not very cold in winter. The British Isles are warmed by the Gulf Stream. The wind from the sea greatly influences the weather. The riv­ers do not freeze in winter and snow never lies on the ground for long. The British Isles have no high mountains.



There are many rivers in Britain, but they are not very long. The longest of the English rivers is the Severn which flows south-west into the Irish Sea. The Scotland's most important river is the Clyde.

The population of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is about 60 million people. It is one of the most densely popu­lated countries in Europe. Less than one million people work in agricul­ture, all the other work in industry, transport, education and other pro­fessions.

England is one of the most powerful capitalist countries in Europe. There are many big industrial cities here such as Birmingham, Manches­ter, Liverpool, Cardiff, Sheffield and many others. One of the leading industries of Great Britain is the textile industry. It is highly developed in Liverpool and Manchester. The shipbuilding industry is of great im­portance for Britain. It is centered in London, Glasgow, Newcastle and in Belfast. Sheffield is the city of steel. Seaports play a great part in the life of the country. London, Liverpool and Glasgow are the biggest Eng­lish ports. Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh are old university towns.

Great Britain is a capitalist state. The queen is the head of the state. But according to the legislation power in the country belongs to Parliament. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons, which is elected by the people. The members of the House of Lords are not elected.

There are many political parties in Britain - Conservative, Liberal, Labour and others. The Labour Party governs now in Britain.

6.1.2.1 Answer the questions to the text

 

1 Where is Great Britain situated?

2 What countries make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland?

3 What seas and oceans are the British Isles washed by?

4 What kind of climate do the British Isles have?

5 Are the mountains there high or low?

6 What is the highest peak in Great Britain?

7 What is the longest river there?

8 What is the population of Great Britain?

9 What are the main branches of industry there? Name their centers.

10 Seaports play a great part in the life of the country, don't they?

11 What can you say about Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh?

12 Is England a republic or monarchy?

13 Who is the head of the state?

14 How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of?

15 Which House of Parliament is elected by people?

16 What political parties are there in Britain?

 


mylektsii.ru - Мои Лекции - 2015-2019 год. (0.008 сек.)Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав Пожаловаться на материал