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II. Verbs followed by either gerund or infinitive without a change in meaning




INFINITIVE AND GERUND

 

I. Verbs followed immediately by infinitive

Verbs Examples
to afford I can't afford to buy it.
to agree They agreed to help us.
to appear Sue appears to be tired.
to arrange I'll arrange to meet you at the airport
to ask He asked to come with us.
to attempt Do not attempt to repair the computer yourself.
to beg He begged to come with us.
to bother He didn’t even bother to ask for permission.
to care I don't care to see that show.
to choose We chose to go by train.
to claim She claims to know a famous movie star.
to consent She finally consented to marry him.
to decide I have decided to leave on Monday.
to demand I demand to know who is responsible.
to deserve She deserves to win the prize.
to endeavour (=to try) I will endeavour to do my best for my country.
to expect I expect to enter graduate school in the fall.
to fail She failed to return the book to the library on time.
to guarantee The bank guaranteed to pay all his debts.
to hesitate Don't hesitate to ask for my help.
to hope Jack hopes to arrive next week.
to lead to This has led scientists to speculate on the existence of other galaxies.
to learn He learned to play the piano.
to long for I’m longing to see you again.
to manage We managed to get to the airport in time.
to neglect She neglected to mention the name of her previous employer.
to offer They offered to help us.
to omit She omitted to mention that they were staying the night.
to plan I am planning to throw a party when I come back from my holiday.
to prepare We prepared to welcome them.
to pretend He pretends not to understand.
to promise I promise not to be late.
to refuse I refuse to believe his story.
to resolve He resolved not to tell her the truth.
to seem Your cat seems to be friendly.
to struggle He struggled to stay awake.
to swear She swore to tell the truth.
to threaten She threatened to tell my parents about that.
to volunteer He volunteered to help us.
to wait I will wait to hear from you.
to want I want to tell you something. What do you want to do tomorrow?
to wish She wishes to come with us. This course is designed for people wishing to update their computer skills.

 



II. Verbs followed by either gerund or infinitive without a change in meaning

Verbs Examples
can’t stand Lily can't stand working in an office. She can't stand to hear them arguing.
to bear (can’t bear) I can’t bear having /to have cats in the house.
to begin Have you begun reading / to read the book yet?
to bother He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming. Why bother asking if you’re not really interested?
to cease You never cease to amaze me! The company ceased trading in June.
to continue Will you continue attending / to attend these classes?
to encourage Banks actively encourage people to borrow money. / Banks actively encourage people’s borrowing money.
to endure He can’t endure to be / being defeated.
to finish She finished reading /to read the book and put it away.
to intend I intended to pay for all the damage done. We intend looking at the situation again.
to start It started raining /to rain.

 

III. Verbs followed by a noun/pronoun + infinitive

Verbs Examples
to advise smb to do smth She advised me to wait until tomorrow.
to allow smb to do smth She allowed me to use her car.
to ask smb to do smth I asked John to help us.
to beg smb to do smth They begged us to come.
to cause smb to do smth Her laziness caused her to fail.
to challenge smb to do smth She challenged me to race her to the corner.
to convince smb to do smth I couldn't convince Ann to accept our help.
to dare smb to do smth He dared me to do better than he had done.
to encourage smb to do smth He encouraged me to try again.
to expect smb to do smth I expect you to be on time.  
to forbid smb to do smth I forbid you to call him.
to force smb to do smth They forced him to tell the truth.
to hire smb to do smth She hired a boy to mow the lawn.
to instruct smb to do smth He instructed them to be careful.
to invite smb to do smth Harry invited the Johnsons to come to his party
to order smb to do smth The judge ordered me to pay a fine.
to permit smb to do smth He permitted the children w stay up late.
to persuade smb to do smth I persuaded him to come for a visit.
to remind smb to do smth She reminded me to lock the door.
to require smb to do smth Our teacher requires us to be on time.
to teach smb to do smth My brother taught me to swim.
to tell smb to do smth The doctor told me to take these pills.
to urge smb to do smth I urged her to apply for the job.
to want smb to do smth I want you to be happy.
to warn smb to do smth I warned you not to drive too fast.



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