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DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
(Ступені порівняння прикметників та прислівників)
1.Formation of Degrees of Comparison
adjective + er
the + adjective + est
more + adjective
the most + adjective
the most beautiful
the most handsome
2.Irregular Comparison of Adjectives (and Adverbs)
Adjectives which have two Forms of Comparison
4. as ... as,(такий … як)
as large as
as beautiful as
5. not so ... as(не такий … як)
not so big as
6. the more…, the better… чим …, тим …
The longer he studied, the more he liked his future speciality.
but: hundreds of students
but: thousands of fighters
but: millions of protesters
three hundred and twenty five
five hundred andseven
two hundred and twenty five thousand
a third, one third
a quarter, one quarter; a fourth, one fourth
a tenth, one tenth
a (one) hundredth
three quarters, three fourths
a (one) thousand two hundred and thirty fourth
o[ou], nought [no:t], zero [ziərou]
o point one, zero point one, point one, nought point one
o point o one, zero point zero one, point zero one
point two five, nought point two five,
two point three five
o point o o one, zero point zero zero one,
never, seldom, rarely, sometimes, often,
as a rule, usually, always, every day (week …)
I live in Kyiv.
I go to the University
every day. I speak English.
The water boils at 100º C.
If he comes he will help us.
the day before yesterday,
last year (month …),
two weeks ago, in 1998
when I was young
I lived in Kyiv two years
ago. Hewent to school
five days a weeklast year. Shespoke English very well
at the age of ten. I visited my friend
the day after tomorrow,
next week (month …),
in a week, in 2030
I will live in Kyiv
next three years. Hewill go to the University
every daynext year. Shewill speak Englishvery well
in a month. I will visit my friend
am, is, are
at the moment
I am working on my graduation thesis, so I can’t go out with you.
at 3 o’clock yesterday,
from 5 till 7 yesterday,
the whole day yesterday,
when he came back (past)
I was working on my graduation thesisthe whole day yesterday.
at 3 o’clock tomorrow,
from 5 till 7 tomorrow,
the whole day tomorrow,
when he comes back (fut)
I will be working on my graduation thesisthe whole day tomorrow.
just, ever, never,
Have you just seen him. ever been abroad?
Has he passed his exam neverbeen abroad. yet?
alreadypassedhis exam. Past
+ III (V-ed)
before another action in the past
by 7 o’clock yesterday,
A Before he came we had already finished with the testing. s soon as I had passed my driving test I bought a car.
+ III (V-ed)
by 7 o’clock tomorrow,
by the end of the month,
by the time she comes
I will have done this
by the end of the month.
activity in progress which began in the past and is still continuing now
I have been working
since nine o’clock this morning. He has been waiting
for two hours. Past
+ been V-ing
activity in progresstill the moment when smth happened in the past
We had been working
for two hours when our friend joined us. Future
+ been V-ing
activity in progresstill the moment when smth happens in future
We will have been working in the laboratory
for a few hours when you arrive.