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Упражнение 536




Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные ниже подстановочные таб­лицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизации речи.) Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.

 

  know your sister?
  be busy?
Can he be ill?
  be tired?
  be hungry?

ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Модальные глаголы



 


Can he be sleeping? working hard? watching TV? having dinner? playing football?
Can he have forgotten your address? lost your book? missed the train? caught cold? fallen ill? left the country? sold his piano? bought a car?

Упражнение 537

Перепишите сначала предложения, в которых модальный глагол сапвыражает возможность,за­тем предложения, в которых он выражает вежли­вую просьбу,затем предложения, в которых он вы­ражает недоумение,и, наконец, предложения, в ко­торых модальный глагол can't имеет значение „неможет быть." Переведите предложения на русский

1. "But they can't be as bad as he!" 2. Can you tell me the way to the nearest post office? 3. A little bit of boiled fish can't hurt you, you know. 4. Could you help me with the translation of this ar­ticle? I am afraid I cannot do it alone. 6. He shut himself up in the study for the whole day, and I could see through the window that he was writing busily. 6. Can she have been waiting for us all this time? 7. She can't come tomorrow because they will be working the whole day. 8. I simply could not refuse: they would have been hurt. 9. He was not old. He couldn't have been more than forty. 10. Could you


leave the boy here for half an hour? I want him to help me. 11. "Oh!" she cried in surprise, "it's impos­sible! You can't have done it!" 12. The island can be reached by boat or even on foot when the tide is low.

Упражнение 538

Скажите, что, на ваш взгляд, эти события не могли произойти.

• E.g. Yesterday I sawPete in the assembly hall.

You can't have seenPete in the assembly hall yesterday.

1. The teacher permitted us to use the dictionary. 2. Nick got up at seven and did his morning exer­cises. 3. It was Kate who aired the room. 4. There were a lot of pupils in the library yesterday. 5. It was John who broke the radio set. 6. I saw Ann in the library yesterday. 7. Boris was in the canteen five minutes ago. 8. Robert took two bags with him.

9. That was Ann who plugged in the tape recorder.

10. Nick has been doing the recording for two hours
already. 11. It was Mary who rewound the tape.
12. The teacher let me take the tape home.



Упражнение 539

Скажите, что, на ваш взгляд, эти события не могли произойти.

• E.g. This old bracelet was foundin Africa.

This old bracelet can't have been foundin Africa.

1. This car was produced twenty years ago. 2. These photographs were taken in the north. 3. This tape recording was done last week. 4. James was given an excellent mark in history. 5. Ann was given an excellent mark for her geometry test. 6. This house was built at the beginning of this century.


432 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Модальные глаголы



 


7. This tower was built in the 9th century. 8. This book was written by a very good writer. 9. This film was made by a very good director. 10.This play was written by a very clever playwright. 11.This film has been shot in a fortnight. 12.This book was trans­lated into Russian in the 19th century. 13. This cas­tle was built in the 15th century. 14.This picture was painted by an Italian artist. 15.This computer was built ten years ago.


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