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Часть 2 (практическая).




TEST

Choose the statement (A,B,C) which you think is correct and mark it respectively.

1. Morphology deals with the study of

A. Word-building

B. Form-building

C. Semantics

2. Syntax deals with the study of

A. The lexical meaning of words

B. Form-building

C. The regularities determining the combination of words and sentences

3. The definition of the grammatical category in which form and meaning are considered equally important is as follows:

A. The grammatical category is the grammatical meaning which finds its expression through a grammatical form

B. The grammatical category is a unity of a grammatical form and grammatical meaning

C. The grammatical category is a set of two mutually exclusive form-classes

4. Study the oppositions of forms (in the left column) and match

them with the grammatical categories which they express (in the right column). Write the corresponding letters and figures in your answer.


a) write - am writing

b) spoke - had spoken

c) sends - is sent

d) (I) read - (he) reads

e) (lie) reads - (they) read

1) person

2) voice

3) number

4) aspect

5) order


5. Study the oppositions of forms (in the left column) and match them with the grammatical categories they express (in me right column) .Write the corresponding letters and figures in your answer.


a) write-wrote

b) man - men

1) degrees of comparison

2) case

c) man-mans

d) dark-darker

e) I do-I would do

3) tense

4) mood

5) number


Choose the statement (А,В,C) which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

6. The largest number of grammatical categories that a predicate verb-form can express in a sentence is

A. One

B. Two

C. Seven

7. The synthetic form-building means in English are

A. Suffixation and suppletion

B. Sound interchange

C. Suffixation, sound interchange and suppletion

8. The productive synthetic form-building means in English is

A. Sound-interchange

B. Suffixation

C. Suppletion

9. Group the following words - mice, better, reading, narrower, teeth, went, took, are, books- in three columns depending on the form-building means used in them:

a) suffixation b) sound interchange c) suppletion

10. Study the inflexional suffixes in the following words - oxen, spoken, taller, mine, children, wanted, tables, writing - and group them in two columns:

a.) productive suffixes b) non-productive suffixes.

11. Study the meaning of the «s» - morpheme in the following words - takes, clothes, fists, boy's, books, spectacles, news, corps,- and group them in two columns:

a) a derivation element



b) a form-building suffix

c) part of the root

 

Choose the statement (А, В, C) which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

12. The analytical form is

A. A form consisting of at least two components, the first of which is devoid of lexical meaning and expresses only the grammatical meaning, the second component being the bearer of the lexical meaning

B. A form consisting of two components , the first of which is devoid of lexical meaning, the second being the bearer of both – the grammatical and the lexical meaning

13. Analytical form-building means are mainly characteristic of

A. The adjective

B. The verb

C. The pronoun.

14. The most idiomatic analytical forms are

A. The Continuous forms of the verb

B. The degrees of comparison of adjectives

C. Negative and interrogative forms of the Present and Past Indefinite, Perfect forms.

15. The majority of grammarians recognize the following principles of classification of words into parts of speech:

A. Morphological

B. Semantic, morphological and syntactic

C. Semantic and syntactic

16. The following parts of speech are considered to be notional
A. Nouns, adjectives, articles

В. Prepositions, conjunctions, articles

C. Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs

17. State which «since» is an adverb (A), a preposition (B) or a conjunction (C) in the following sentences (match the figures and the letters in your answer)

1. It's been years since I enjoyed myself so much as last might.

2. Her husband died ten years ago and she has remarried since.

3. The book has sold over a million copies since its first publication.



18. State whether «single» is an adjective (A) a noun (B) or verb (C ) in the following sentences (match the figures and the letters in your answer).

1. A second class single to London, please.

2 They were all to blame, why single him out for punishment.

3. The letter was written on a single sheet of paper.

 

Choose the statement (А, В, C )which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

19. The noun possesses the grammatical categories:

A. Of case and number

B. Of case, gender and number

C. Only the category of number

20. Match the following noun phrases (on the left) with the meanings of the Genitive Case (on the right). Write the corresponding letters and figures in your answer.


a) John's report

b) John's punishment

c) a mile's distance

d) the child's toy

e) a hunters' story

1) destination

2) subjective

3) objective

4) adverbial

5) possessive


f) women’s magazine 6) qualifying

 

Choose the statement (А, В, C) which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

21. The majority of grammarians recognize that the English verb possesses

A. Two tense forms

B. Three tense forms

C. Twelve tense forms

22. Characteristic of the Perfect forms are the following:

A. Simultaneity with the moment of time

B. Duration

C. Priority to a certain moment and close connection with it

23. The following meanings are characteristic of the Continuous Aspect of the verb:

A. Recurrency

B. Progress, concreteness, incompletion

C. Lack of progress, indefiniteness

24. The English Common Aspect corresponds to

A. The Russian Perfective Aspect

В. The Russian Imperfective Aspect

С. The Russian Perfective and Imperfective Aspect

25. Group the following verbs - love, open, read, sit, stand, nod, break, see, hear- taking into account their lexical character.

a) terminative

b) non-terminative

c) polysemantic

26. Group the following verbs - swim, marry, go, live, envy, teach- in two columns:

a) transitive

b) intransitive

27. Choose the grammatical meanings (А, В, C, D, E, F, G) typical of the Active Voice forms of the verb and mark them respectively:


A. Transitive

B. Active

C. Middle

D. Intransitive

E. Reflexive

F. Reciprocal

G. Passive


28. Choose the grammatical categories (А,В,C,D,E,F,G) which are not expressed by the non-finite forms of the verb and mark them respectively:


A. Person

B. Number

C. Voice

D. Tense

E. Mood

F. Order

G. Aspect.


29. Study the following words (А,В,C,D,E,F,G,H), choose predeterminers and mark them respectively:


a) my

b) all

c) many

d) these

e) both

f) enough

g) half

h) the


30. Choose the meanings (functions) (А,В,C,D,E,F) typical of the definite article and mark them respectively:


A. Nominating

B. Individualizing

C. Classifying

D. Aspective

E. Generic

F. Restricting

 


31. Choose the statement (А,В,C,) which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

The main component of a word-combination (phrase) is called:

A. Adjunct

B. Determiner

C. Head - word

32. Study the underlined word-combinations (in the left column) and match them with the type of grammatical relations within them (in the right column). Write the corresponding letters and figures in your answer.


A. Susan is teaching English.

B. Tom and Susan are my friends.

C. His friends are Tom, Susan, Mary.

D. She is making a dress for herself.

E. Tom married Susan.

F. Queen Mary

1. Government

2. Predication

3. Apposition

4. Syndetic

coordination

5. Asyndetic coordination

6. Agreement


Choose the statement (A,B,C) which you think is correct and mark it respectively:

33. The subject of the English sentence can be

A. Only formal

В. Notional and formal

C. Only notional

34. The main types of predicate in English are as follows:

A. Simple verbal, compound verbal aspective

B. Simple verbal, compound nominal, compound verbal

modal, compound verbal aspective, simple phraseological

C. Compound verbal nominal, simple phraseological



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